It is a solitary fish (except when spawning), feeding in the daytime, mainly on other fish and small crustaceans such as crabs and small lobsters. It spawns in December and January, always around the time of the full moon, and always in the same locations. By the light of the full moon, huge numbers of the grouper cluster together to mate in a mass spawning.
Cuba is at last setting up Marine Protected Areas to ensure that adults can spawn and the young grow in safety. Cuba does not have a great track record in nature conservation. In fact one only has to look at huge illegal bird trapping business in Cuba to see what happens. Yes there are laws in place to prevent such bird trapping for the cage bird trade but it still goes on often under the noses of the police who take no action whatever. And so in the dismal and deteriorating economic climate in the country the regime allows it to continue and takes no action to stop it. And many of the birds collected and consigned to living in tiny cages for the rest of their lives are rare and declining endemics like Cuban Parrot, Cuban Grassquit and Cuban Bullfinch.
northern coast of Cuba, and the second documented in the country. Fin Whales are the second longest whale on the planet (after the Blue Whale) and can grow to around 26m in length.
But a growing number have fled by boat on the dangerous 90-mile (145km) journey to the southern coast of the United States. Between October 2021 and August 2022, the US Coast Guard intercepted more than 4,600 Cubans traveling by boat, almost six times more than in all of 2020. It is the largest exodus since 1980, when about 125,000 Cubans traveled by sea to the US over six months, an event known as the Mariel crisis.